The Rousolakos-Palekastro archaeological site has intrigued archaeologists for years. It is located 500 far from Agathias Village and 150m far from Hiona Beach. Palekastro / Agathias is ideally positioned in a fertile land, right next to the harbor of Chiona, at the East coast of Sitia, and is blessed with relatively easy access of the inland ancient settlements. All these facts make it the ideal location for the development of a major town, or a palace. The town has been unearthed in slow increments, and according to the Radiophotography surveillance of the site, there is evidence of a fifth Minoan palace under the olive roots of the adjacent area.
The archaeological site is also known as Rousolakos, and is a comparatively small one. The stone foundations of the houses are well outlined in the perimeter while several houses are well preserved with walls up to two meters high and with evidence of frescoes on their surface. Walking through the ruins one can see the clear contours of wide streets and several deep fresh water wells.
The site is still actively excavated by a horde of diggers and it is interesting to see archaeologist actively contemplating freshly unearthed pottery fragments. It is also one of the most well documented sites with extensive plans, essays, and graphics erected next to houses and streets. Nowhere else in Greece have I seen such a degree of explanatory material on site.
The Kouros figure
The Palekastro Kouros is a youthful male figure, carved in ivory and clad in gold by a sculptor with an extraordinary talent for naturalistic detail. Its broken and burnt fragments lay scattered in Building 5, interpreted as a town sanctuary, and in the street outside, just as they had fallen during the great fire destruction of the early 15th century B.C.
The figure was composed of serpentine (hair), rock crystal (eyes), wood and Egyptian blue (base), as well as gold (sandals, loincloth) and dowelled pieces of ivory (body) ). It is called the ΄Kouros΄ because we believe it is linked to the Kouros of the later ΄Hymn to Zeus΄ , and like Greek Archaic statues, it drew on a millennia-long sequence of Egyptian figures, who stand stiffly with left foot forward.